We decided it was time to tell the tale about Stone Mountain Mine in Lyon County Nevada and the origin of Stone Mountain Turquoise. This is the base for an ongoing discussion as a new topic for our blog. We are going to add to the story as time goes on. There are many small stories that fit into the narrative and are not included in this first chapter of the History of Stone Mountain Mine.
Stone Mountain Mine is located on the western side of Nevada in Lyon County. This is a region that contains the right mineral combinations for turquoise formation within a matrix of interconnected and ancient rhyolitic tufts with small bodies of granodiorite, monzonite, feldspar and andesite scattered throughout the mountain ranges.
This combination of geologic history and rich mineralization attracted a hoard of pioneers and prospectors in the late 1800’s. The hills surrounding today’s Mason Valley received increasing visitations by the surveyor or prospector looking for significant geologic resources.
The Mason Valley area is dominated by volcanism and is part of a vast string of volcanic calderas called the Long Valley caldera complex. Mason Valley is situated in the far north end of the caldera complex and the surrounding hills and small ranges make up the caldera rim. Adjacent to the region are larger mountain ranges located to the west. The Sierra Nevada mountains are the largest range that sit to the west and have stark contrasting ecology and weather.
The first explorers that visited the area had to battle the elements. The lack of water and food with almost no shelter made exploration of the area, dangerous and short lived. Even today careful planning is necessary when venturing out into the region. The summer’s are intolerably hot and the winter’s are… frozen. In winter the ground freezes into natural cement-like clumps, making digging nearly impossible.
The lowlands in the mason valley region area were once covered by Lake Lahontan. Lake Lahontan was an inland sea that covered most of the great basin in the western United States in ancient times. The waters of Lake Lahontan left there mark within the hills of the Long Valley caldera complex by adding silica and concentrations of mineral clays that seeped into the cracks of the rhyolitic tufts that run north to south. These rhyolitic tufts were created million of years ago by a series of violent upheavals as the Pacific plate bumped into the north American continent.
The mineralized hills surrounding Mason Valley are in a rain shadow of the Sonora, Carson and Yosemite ranges of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The closest mountains are the Sweetwater and Pine Nut Mountains. These ranges are smaller, however they extend the rain shadow farther into the Great Basin past Mason Valley to the eastern mountain ranges in the center of the state.
One only needed to take a burro out into the hills to find them. This brought many a prospector and soon after the prospectors brought geological sciences to have their discoveries tested.
When the Nevada became a state in 1864 there had already been a considerable boom and bust on almost every mountain range all the way from the Spring Mountains in the south, northward to the Idaho border. Every dry creek and trickling spring was accompanied with tents and prospectors of every kind from all over the world. By 1880 the Comstock gold and silver boom began to fade, driving more interest into copper metals. Large copper bodies had been discovered in the mid to late 1800’s on the west side of the Mason Valley. This brings us to the discovery of turquoise in the vicinity of Stone Mountain Mine. A variety of prospectors and miners have come across the turquoise deposits since the 1890’s copper explorations.
There were a few notable miners who once owned the claims in the Stone Mountain Mine vicinity. Namely “Otto Taubert”, Otto Taubert had likely made the first discovery of today’s Stone Mountain Turquoise while working for a local copper company. Otto Taubert sold his claims to “Walter Godber”. This is the same Walter Godber of the legendary “Godber-Burnham” turquoise claim that later made him famous. It is said that Godber found about $50,000 worth in turquoise before moving onto the better known Godber-Burnham claim in central Nevada.
Otto Taubert located several turquoise deposits in the area including the three “Harcross” claims, later named by F.B. Cross and J.J. Harrison. It is hard to tell which, but one the Harcross claims is likely to be the Stone Mountain Turquoise claim. The area that encompasses Stone Mountain Mine has been claimed, dropped and reclaimed by different entities throughout it’s entire history.
In the 1970’s a copper corporation named Anaconda prospected the entire area, leaving shallow trenches on just about every mound, hill or mountain. Anaconda eventually vacated their enterprise and left the area quiet and peaceful once more. Suzanne Moore and T. Kevin Cassidy discovered the turquoise deposit in the late 1970’s while rockhounding with friends. In 1980 they claimed the deposit with partners, naming it “Stone Mountain Dig”.
*Records previous to the 1960's are not available online. On the Lyon County website the Assessor documents list owners of the Stone Mountain Claim as follows: Claim Name Date Doc Type HARCROSS - 08/31/72 MINING LOC MAP HARCROSS - 10/26/78 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT HARCROSS - 10/04/79 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT HARCROSS - 10/29/80 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 12/23/80 NOTICE/LOCATION (Suzanne Moore, T. Kevin Cassidy & Partners claim the deposit) STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 02/10/82 NOTICE/LOCATION STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/12/83 NOTICE/LOCATION (Partners drop from the claim) STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/18/84 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/03/85 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 08/28/86 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/04/87 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/07/88 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/25/89 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/20/90 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 08/23/91 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN DIG - 09/21/92 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/10/93 CERT/LOCATION (The Cassidy's change the name of the claim) STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/29/94 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/23/95 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 10/10/96 AFF/INTENT/HOLD STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/19/97 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/02/98 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/03/99 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/22/00 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/18/01 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/04/02 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/12/03 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/10/04 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/25/05 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 09/07/06 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/14/07 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/22/08 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/13/09 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/27/10 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 08/22/11 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN - 03/22/12 DEED (Entree Gold purchases the claim from T. Kevin Cassidy)
STONE MOUNTAIN A - 08/03/12 NOT/INTENT/HOLD STONE MOUNTAIN A - 08/08/13 NOT/INTENT/HOLD STONE MOUNTAIN A - 07/31/14 NOT/INTENT/HOLD STONE MOUNTAIN A - 08/05/15 NOT/INTENT/HOLD STONE MOUNTAIN A - 08/10/16 NOT/INTENT/HOLD MASON RESOURCES INC STONE MOUNTAIN A - 08/08/17 AFF/INTENT/HOLD STONE MOUNTAIN A - 08/15/19 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT STONE MOUNTAIN A - 07/28/20 AFF/ANNUAL ASSESSMENT *This is a shortened list that shows only one item per year, if you wish to see all the records, go to http://lyon-county.org then click on the Recorder page to search their records.
In 1982 their partners had quit the adventure and in 1986 Suzanne and Kevin married and had sole ownership of Stone Mountain Dig. Within the period of 1982 through 1986 they decided to rename the claim, “Stone Mountain”, dropping the last word “dig” to simplify the name so it would be called “Stone Mountain Mine”. The Cassidy’s tried many various methods to extract the turquoise from the heavy, iron and quartz laden hostrock. Explosives were never used and heavy equipment was used only on a few occasions. After all attempts, the best methods proved to be the use of hand tools. Picks, pry bars, chisels and garden hoes were the tools of choice except for an occasional air hammer.
In 2001 the Cassidy family’s youngest son, Canyon created their first website and soon after the hobby turned into a business. The business was named Nevada Cassidys by Suzanne Cassidy. Between the years 2001 to 2011 the Cassidy family spent a large amount of time sitting on the dusty rock strewn slopes of the Stone Mountain Mine scanning the sun dried earth for “glass”(a slang term for turquoise veins). The expertise gained from toil in the long term was measurable. The experience led to new ways of prospecting with very little equipment. And also led to the creation of custom methods for processing natural turquoise and lapidary arts using no chemicals.
None of the turquoise discovered at Stone Mountain Mine has been stabilized. The turquoise found there is typically hard and strenuous and does not need stabilization. In 2011 the family adventure hit a snag and there began a hard year that eventually led to a divorce. Soon after in March 2012 T. Keven Cassidy sold Stone Mountain Mine to Entree Gold, a mineral exploration company. What may seem like a sad ending to the tale, it is actually fitting with the history of Stone Mountain Mine. A claim that has changed hands since it was discovered. The Nevada Cassidys, owned by Suzanne Cassidy still look toward the possibility of claiming the mine it the future.
Entree Gold is a not currently designated as a mining company but rather in mineral exploration. So far it appears the Stone Mountain Mine area has not been marked for pit mining. Nearby the Stone Mountain Turquoise deposit, Entree has begun assessing the possible copper ore bodies by way of core drilling and they have surveyed large portions of the region. There is a considerable copper and molybdenum deposit to the southeast of Stone Mountain Mine called the Ann Mason Porphyry Deposit.
The Ann Mason Copper lode was discovered around the same time that Otto Taubert prospected his turquoise claims. With newer technology Entree is looking at a possible large scale mining project there. The hope remains that Entree will not pit mine in the Stone Mountain Mine vicinity. The small turquoise deposits that are closer to the Anne Mason Copper lode are all in threat of being hauled away, crushed and milled for copper and other minerals. The Anne Mason copper lode is deep underneath the shallow turquoise clusters on the surface there. To date Entree has stated that it is hoping to jump start the Ann Mason project within 4 years(as of 2013). Should Entree Gold lose interest after mining the Ann Mason and leave town the way Anaconda did in the 1970s, the Nevada Cassidy’s may again look at claiming the Stone Mountain deposit … Or a perhaps nearby deposit.
For now, the Nevada Cassidys are still selling turquoise from their collection that came from years of digging out in the desert. Without a mine the focus has changed lapidary arts and different types of gemstone from all over. The love for turquoise is still strong so it remains a focus when out rockhounding or looking to acquire stones from other sources.
Currently the Nevada Cassidys spend most of their time working with clients to create new interesting designs using a variety of natural gemstones they collect.